Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik

Success Stories

Success Stories of KVK

 

  • Hi-Tech Vegetable Nursery : An Agri-Support Enterprise

    Selective Mechanization: Planting seeds mechanically…….……Accurate, faster & still at lesser cost !!!

    A success story

    Background

    Nashik district is known as leading vegetable producing district in Maharashtra. Tomatos, Capsicum, Vineyard vegetables, cauliflower, cabbage, etc are the major vegetable crops grown in the district. The productivity of these crops is quite satisfactory as compare to national averages of these crops.

    Unstable yields and high cost of production are the major problems faced by the vegetable growers. The factors responsible for these problems are heavy seedling mortality, uneven spread of plantation throughout the year, high cost of seed and extra use of seed.

    Due to heavy and harmful rains in kharif, the vegetable growers use extra seed for seedling raising because experience is that some of seedlings damages due to heavy rains.

    In summer due to heavy intensity of sunlight, survival percentage of the seedlings is low in open air condition so, the extra use of seed is observed. The vegetable growers are preparing the vegetable seedlings on raised beds, covering the raised beds with sarees or gunny bags which cannot provide sufficient protection to the seedlings. Even though, the farmers are using these local practices because of non availability of low cost technologies for such types of propagations.

    The western belt of the district receives high rain fall. The vegetable growers are preparing the vegetable seedlings in protrays because these trays can be shifted in protected houses during heavy rains to avoid the damages and mortality of the seedlings. But this does not serve the purpose to its full extent.

    Intervention of the KVK

    Plants in pots for urban usages

    Considering these facts Krishi Vigyan Kendra planned and conducted 30 days duration training programme on Nursery Management. Shri. Dattu Dhage a rural youth engaged in farming form village Belgaon (Dhaga), Tal and Dist. Nashik participated and successfully completed the training in the year 2006. He was engaged in vegetable cultivation and grape farming. With the aspiration to start the vegetable nursery, he participated in the training.

    After successfully completing the training and under close supervision of KVK scientist, he started the vegetable nursery in 2006 on 2250 sq. feet area having capacity of producing 55000 tomato seedlings per year. At initial stage scientists frequently visited the nursery 

    and solved the problems like damping off, wilt. The technical guidance regarding the structures, media to be used, contact with the facility providers, convincing the parents of the entrepreneur, training to the farmers about the advantages of the seedlings, publicity of the seedlings through KVK on different forums.

    Impact

    Considering the huge demand for the vegetable seedlings he further expanded the capacity. He erected low cost polyhouse and shading net house on 10 guntha (R) of land with capacity of 260000 seedlings. Annually he prepares 26 lakh of 

    vegetable seedlings and supplying to the farmers. The major vegetables covered are Capsicum, Picador, Tomato, Brinjal, Chili, Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Sponge gourd, Ridge gourd, Watermelon and Drumstick.  The rates of the seedlings is given in Table 1.

    Table 1: Crop wise seedling produced, area covered and number of farmers benefited.

     

     

    Sr. No.

    Name of the crop

    No. of seedlings produced

    Area Covered (Ha)

    No of Farmers Benefited

     

     

    01.

    Capsicum

    450000

    22.50

    23

     

     

    02.

    Picador

    400000

    20.00

    20

     

     

    03.

    Tomato

    450000

    25.71

    26

     

     

    04.

    Brinjal

    350000

    23.33

    58

     

     

    05.

    Chili

    250000

    14.29

    36

     

     

    06.

    Bitter gourd

    230000

    115.00

    144

     

     

    07.

    Bottle gourd

    200000

    100.00

    125

     

     

    08.

    Sponge gourd

    105000

    52.50

    66

     

     

    09.

    Ridge gourd

    50000

    25.00

    31

     

     

    10.

    Watermelon

    25000

    4.00

    5

     

     

    11.

    Cauliflower

    50500

    1.26

    01

     

     

    12.

    Cabbage

    45000

    1.13

    01

     

     

     

    Total

    2605500

    404.72

    535

     

     

    Outreach

    Marketing system

    The seedlings of 12 different vegetable crops are prepared and supplied to the farmers. Annually 26 lakh seedlings are produced. Total 535 farmers from 18 villages benefited through seedling procurement. The plantation on 404.72 hectares was observed under the seedlings procured from this nursery. The figures itself depicts the horizontal spread of technology and its huge impact on vegetable scenario.

    At initial stage strong support from the Kendra was provided for marketing of the seedlings through its contacts and publicity on different platforms and programmes. The seedlings were prepared on the basis of advance booking from the farmers. Later on the seedlings get popularized by mouth to mouth publicity among the farmers. Now a days the seedlings are very popular and there is no need for extra efforts for publicity.

    Media Used

    The vegetable seedlings are prepared in root trainers using cocopeat and vermicompost mixture as media. While preparing the media 40 Kg of vermicompost is mixed with 625 Kg of cocopeat. 

    This gives excellent results in terms of healthy growth and easy uprooting from pro trays without damaging the root system. These seedlings are prepared in three types of root trainers.

    Well Maintained and Protected Vegetable seedlings

    An Overview of the nursery

    104 cavities pro trays: These pro trays are specially used for Tomato and Brinjal crop. For filling one pro tray, one kilogram of the media is required. These trays are reusable and can be reused for four times.

    102 cavities pro trays: These pro trays are specially used for Capsicum, Picador, Chili, Watermelon crop. For filling one pro tray, 1.10 kilogram of the media is required. These trays are disposable trays. 

    50 cavities pro trays: These pro trays are specially used for Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Sponge gourd crop. For filling one pro tray, 1.15 kilogram of the media is required. These trays are reusable trays and can be reused for four times.

    Demand for the vegetable seedling

    Irrespective of season, the vegetable growers from Nashik district are growing the vegetables in all seasons of the year which reflects the demand for the seedling is observed round the year.

    Support to the farmers

    - Guidance about variety selection 

    - Aftercare of the plantation  

    - Genuine planting material

    - Guidance about management of pest and  diseases of crops  

    Benefits to vegetable growers
    - Pure planting material- resulting in sturdiness and less susceptible to pest and diseases  
    - Timely plantation of the crop- good market prices to the produce  
    - Avoid damages to seedling due to harmful climate in open air condition  
    - Cost saving- Less seed requirement, sprayings reduced, hardiness of the crop  
    - At least 10 days early maturity  
    - Maintaining the plant population  
    Table 2: Year wise Development of the Nursery

     

    Sr. No.  

    Year  

    No. of Seedlings Produced

     

     

    01

    2005-2006

    55000

     

     

    02

    200 6-2007

    75000

     

     

    03

    2007-2008

    200000

     

     

    04

    2008-2009

    1500000

     

     

    05

    2009-2010

    2605500

     

     

    The Table 2 depicts that Shri. Dattu Dhage started the nursery with 55 thousand seedling producing capacity.  Now he produce total 2605500 vegetable seedlings in a year. The gross income out of this nursery was observed to be Rs. 2859000. The production  cost of the seedlings was Rs. 1550625. The approx. net profit generated through this entrepreneurship was observed to the extent of Rs. 1308375. The details are presented in Table 3.

    Table 3: Economics of the Nursery (2009-10)

     

     

    Sr. No.

    Name of the crop

    No. of seedlings Produced

    Rate/ seedling (Rs.)

    Gross Income (Rs.)

    Raising cost/ seedling (Rs)

    Total Expenditure (Rs)

    Net income (Rs)

     

     

    1.

    Capsicum

    450000

    1.30

    585000

    0.75

    337500

    247500

     

     

    2.

    Picador

    400000

    1.30

    520000

    0.75

    300000

    220000

     

     

    3.

    Tomato

    450000

    0.60

    270000

    0.30

    135000

    135000

     

     

    4.

    Brinjal

    350000

    0.50

    175000

    0.30

    105000

    70000

     

     

    5.

    Chili

    250000

    0.70

    175000

    0.40

    100000

    75000

     

     

    6.

    Bitter gourd

    230000

    2.00

    460000

    1.10

    253000

    207000

     

     

    7.

    Bottle gourd

    200000

    1.75

    350000

    0.80

    160000

    190000

     

     

    8.

    Sponge gourd

    105000

    1.50

    157500

    0.75

    78750

    78750

     

     

    9.

    Ridge gourd

    50000

    1.50

    75000

    0.75

    37500

    37500

     

     

    10

    Watermelon

    25000

    1.75

    43750

    0.80

    20000

    23750

     

     

    11

    Cauliflower

    50500

    0.50

    25250

    0.25

    12625

    12625

     

     

    12.

    Cabbage

    45000

    0.50

    22500

    0.25

    11250

    11250

     

     

     

    Total

    2605500

    -

    2859000

    -

    1550625

    1308375

     

     

    Address

    Plants in pots for urban usages

    Shri. Dattu Dhage

    AP. Belgaon (Dhage),

    In front of Trymbak Vidya Mandir, 

    Trymbak Road, Tal. Dist. Nashik 

    Mobile No. 9823220199  

    Future plans
    •     Extend the capacity of the nursery

    •     Prepare the vegetable plants in pots for urban 

        usages

    Ready seedling for transplanting

    Healthy growth and well hardened seedlings