Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik

Nashik District Profile

Nashik District Profile

HNashik district is located between 18.33 degree & 20.53 degree north latitude & between 73.16 degree & 75.16 degree east longitude at northwest part of Maharashtra state, at 565 meters above mean sea level. Recently two tahsils are created in the sitrict making the total tahsils to 15. Out of 15 blocks in the district, as many as 8 blocks viz. surgana, peth, Igatpuri, Kalwan, baglan, dindori, Trimbakeswar & Nashik are tribal blocks.

Nashik District Map

Though average rainfall of the district is between 2600 to 3000mm, there is wide variation in the rainfall received at various blocks. Most of the rainfall is received from June to September. The maximum temperature in summer is 42.5 degree certigrade & minimum temperature in winter is less than 5.00 degree centigrade. Relative humidity ranges from 43% to 62%.

            Since last 20 years the grape has acquired dominance on the agricultural economy of the district. Due to water shortage in kalwan, Deola, Bangon & Malegaon blocks, the farmers have shifted to pomegranate from sugarcane & grape crops. Some progressive farmers are cultivating flowers in green houses. These developments also indicate that the farmers in the district adopt new technologies & methods of cultivation very fast. 

Area & cultivation (Figures in ha.)

Geographical area

15,63,000

Cultivable_area                      

8,64,000

Average kharif Crop area

6,63,200

Average Rabi Crap area

1,36,500

Actual sown area

6,58,763

Forest             

3,40,000

Uncultivable area

23,000

Irrigation

Area under irrigation 4,19,000
Major Project 13
Medium Project 08
Small Project 44
Rivers Godawari, Girna, Darna, Mosam, Aaram, Vaitarna, Manyad, Kadwa

Population                                                       

Total Population 49,94,000
Male 25,91,000
Female 24,03,000
Urban 19,38,000
Rural 30,56,000
Scheduled cast              4,27,000
Scheduled tribe 11,94,000

Animal  Husbandry                                         

Total Livestock 25,95,000
Cows + buffaloes 1,44,000

Co Operative sector

Total co operative societies 10,329
Primary agricultural societies 8,30,000
Co operative dairy societies 534
Sugar factories 07


Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

Farming system/enterprise

Agriculture + Horticulture

Horticulture + High tech Floriculture

Agriculture + Horticulture + Dairy

Agriculture + Poultry

Agriculture + Dairy

 Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S. No

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1.

Ghat Zone

Annual rainfall 3000 to 5000 mm., Laterite and non laterite soils with forest cover, Undulating topography

2.

Transitional Zone I

Annual rainfall 1250 to 3000 mm., Reddish brown soils of hilly slopes

3.

Transitional Zone II

Annual rainfall 700 to 1240 mm., medium black soils, plain zone.

4.

Scarcity Zone

Annual rainfall 500to 700 mm., coarse shallow soils, calcareous soils.

 

S. No

Agro ecological situation

Characteristics

1.

High rainfall, sloppy land, light soils

Hilly tract, Forest cover, lateritic soils

2.

High rainfall, Medium soils

Undulating land, paddy, Niger, finger millet are main crops

3.

Assured rainfall, Medium soils

Plain zone, Wheat, Soybean is the main crops.

4.

Assured irrigation, Medium to heavy soils

Black soils, Grape and vegetable belt

5.

Low rainfall, Scarcity area, Light to medium soils

Black soils, Pomegranate, maize are main crops

6.

Low rainfall, un-assured rainfall, medium to heavy soils

Deep black soils, bajra, cotton are main crops

 
 Soil types

S. No

Soil type

Characteristics

Area in ha

1.

Laterite and non laterite soils

Well drain, deficient in lime, PH 5-6, Low in nutrient, high leaching

70400

2.

Reddish brown soils

Porous soils, absence in N,P,K,lime and organic matter, PH 7-7.5, low fertility status, high leaching

496645

3.

Medium black soils

Heavy clay texture, PH 7.5-8.5, deficient in N and P, rich in K, poor aeration.

321760

4.

Coarse shallow soils

Light texture, low clay content, PH 6-7.5, deficient in N,P,K.

647255

  

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

Sr. No.

Crop

Area (ha.)

Production (Qtl)

Productivity (Qtl/ha)

1.

Total Summer Oilseed

1600

16000

10.00

2.

Total Rabi Oilseed

500

03000

6.00

3.

Rape & Mustard

300

01000

2.20

4.

Total Kharif Oilseed

75700

754000

9.96

5.

Castor seed

1400

03000

2.00

6.

Niger

16900

67000

3.94

7.

Kharif Sesame

700

02000

2.94

8.

Total Rabi Pulses

40600

251000

6.18

9.

Other Rabi Pulses

1500

06000

4.00

10.

Total Rabi Cereals

67200

883000

13.14

11.

Total Rabi Cereals

200

01000

5.50

12.

Other Kharif Pulses

49400

358000

7.25

13.

Total Kharif Pulses

18500

83000

4.50

14.

Udid

12000

110000

9.20

15.

Moong

9700

100000

10.34

16.

Total Kharif Cereals

466500

4580000

9.82

17.

Other Kharif Cereals

13400

94000

7.00

18.

Summer Maize

200

04000

18.49

19.

Rabi Maize

900

14000

16.05

20.

Kharif Maize

39200

857000

21.86

21.

Ragi

41400

402000

9.70

22.

Rabi Sunflower

100

01000

5.57

23.

Kharif Sunflower

600

03000

5.26

24.

Rice Total

50800

702000

13.82

25.

Wheat

55600

813000

14.62

26.

Kharif Jowar

6500

80000

12.28

27.

Rabi Jowar

10500

55000

5.24

28.

Bajri

315200

2445000

7.76

29.

Total Cereals

533900

5467000

10.24

30.

Tur

9200

65000

7.07

31.

Gram

39100

245000

6.26

32.

Total Pulses

90000

609000

6.77

33.

Total Foddgrain

623900

6076000

9.74

34.

Sugarcane

12100

6729000

560.00

35.

Cotton

14100

200000

24.13

36.

Kharif Groundnut

35800

305000

8.53

37.

Safflower

100

01000

5.09

38.

Summer Groundnut

1600

16000

10.08

39.

Soybean

20300

374000

18.44

40.

Total Oilseeds

77800

773000

9.93

41.

Kharif Rice

50800

702000

13.82

 

 Weather data of operational area

Month

Rainfall (mm)

Temperature 0 C

Relative Humidity (%)

Maximum

Minimum

October  2006

84

25.8

15.1

70.3

November . 2006

23

27.0

17.4

87.3

December 2006

-

28.6

11.6

88.5

January 2007

-

28.8

9.1

81.8

February 2007

-

30.1

34.7

87.5

March 2007

-

33.6

13.1

72.5

April 2007

34.6

38.5

18.1

64.8

May 2007

31.1

36.2

16.0

75.3

June 2007

366.5

31.9

22.6

91.0

July 2007

199.5

28.9

22.1

92.8

August 2007

171.1

27.7

21.5

95.3

September 2007

155

29.7

20.9

95.3

 

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category

Population

Production

Productivity

Cattle

Crossbred

166947

Milk 401383 MT

11 lit /cow /day

Indigenous

998263

04-05 lit /cow /day

Buffalo

259805

06 – 10 lit /buffalo /day

Sheep

Crossbred

1437

Wool 163.345 MT

-

Indigenous

324267

-

Goats

701601

Milk included already

0.5 - 1 lit /goat/ day

Pigs

30627

Meat 45.9405  MT

12-18 kg / pigs

Crossbred

-

-

-

Indigenous

-

-

-

Rabbits

1036

Meat 780 kg

0.5 - 1 Kg / rabbit

Poultry

4044420

   Egg 3461.08 lkh     Meat 303.33 MT

-

Hens

-

-

-

Desi

-

-

50 Eggs/ year

Improved

-

-

120-140 Eggs/ year

Ducks

-

-

-

Emu

800

10000 eggs

25-35 eggs/ Emu pair /year

 

Category

Area

Production

Productivity

Fish

119 major & minor tanks

-

-

Katla

-

450 MT / year

21 Kg/ha approximately

Mrugal

-

520 MT / year

Rohu

-

560 MT / year

Cyprinus

-

670 MT / year

Other carps

-

300 MT / year

Mural

-

100 MT / year

Local fish

-

500 MT / year